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Podiatry is a branch of medical science that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of foot pathologies and related structures. Since the foot is crucial for mobility and body support, it requires special attention in the prevention and treatment of its issues.

A podiatrist is a healthcare professional specialized in the care and prevention of foot pathologies. They often collaborate with other healthcare professionals such as physicians, physiotherapists, and orthopedists to ensure a multidisciplinary approach to patient care. The training of a podiatrist includes the study of foot anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, as well as related pathologies and appropriate treatment techniques.

Among the most common pathologies that a podiatrist deals with, we find:

  • Onychomycosis
  • Diabetic foot
  • Plantar warts
  • Calluses and corns
  • Foot deformities (bunions, flat feet, hammer toes, etc.)

The podiatric examination and in-depth tests

During a podiatric examination, the podiatrist conducts a thorough medical history of the patient, inquiring about the presence of any systemic diseases, previous traumas or surgeries, and family history. Subsequently, the podiatrist proceeds with the objective examination of the foot, assessing the presence of cutaneous, nail, or structural alterations.

Based on the results of the objective examination, the podiatrist may decide to further investigate the diagnosis through instrumental tests, such as X-rays, ultrasounds, or baropodometric studies, and to propose the most suitable treatment for the specific needs of the patient.

Reference specialists

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