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X-ray is a medical imaging technique that uses X-rays to produce images of the body. It is commonly used to diagnose a wide range of medical conditions, such as bone fractures, lung infections, cardiovascular diseases, and many others.

During the examination, the patient may be asked to wear a lead gown to protect parts of the body not involved in the X-ray. They may also be required to remove jewelry or metallic objects that could interfere with the X-ray image.

The examination process is usually quick and painless. The patient is positioned appropriately by the radiologic technologist, and images are acquired using X-ray imaging equipment. After the examination, the doctor will evaluate the images to diagnose any medical conditions.

Body districts

How is an X-ray performed?

Patient positioning: The patient is positioned on the table of the X-ray equipment to allow the radiologic technologist to obtain the desired images. Depending on the part of the body to be X-rayed, the patient may be positioned standing, sitting, or lying down.

Alignment: The radiologic technologist carefully aligns the patient and the X-ray equipment to achieve the correct angle and position for the desired image.

Protection: If necessary, the patient may be provided with a lead gown to protect parts of the body not involved in the X-ray image from radiation.

Image acquisition: Once the patient is correctly positioned, the radiologic technologist captures the images using the X-ray equipment. The patient is exposed to a brief dose of radiation during this process.

Image evaluation: After the images are captured, the doctor or radiologist evaluates the X-rays to diagnose any medical conditions or abnormalities.

Useful information

It’s important to inform the radiologic technologist if you are pregnant or suspect you might be, as in some cases, additional precautions may be necessary to protect the fetus from X-ray radiation.

How to prepare?
To prepare for an X-ray examination, usually no special preparation is required.

Reference specialists

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