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To prevent hypertension: 8 useful tips to follow

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition that can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other complications. Several risk factors influence the presence of hypertension, including heredity and age.

Genetic predisposition can indeed determine the onset of this silent enemy. If one or both parents suffer from high blood pressure, the likelihood of this problem occurring in their children is quite high. Regarding age, especially after 65 years old, blood vessels lose elasticity and, becoming stiffer, lead to an increase in blood pressure.

Despite heredity and age, there are several healthy habits that can be adopted to prevent the onset of hypertension and maintain a strong heart.

Here’s a simple list of effective strategies to follow:

  • Keep an eye on the scale – Maintaining a healthy body weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can reduce the risk of developing hypertension.
  • Follow a healthy diet – It is advisable to limit the consumption of high-salt foods, such as packaged foods, fast food, and salty snacks, and opt for a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy.
  • Limit alcohol intake – Do not exceed one glass of wine per day for women and two for men.
  • Exercise regularly – Dedicate at least 150 minutes per week to moderate physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or cycling.
  • Manage stress – Blood pressure management also involves practices such as meditation, yoga, or listening to relaxing music.
  • Quit smoking – Cigarette smoking damages blood vessels and worsens overall cardiovascular health.
  • Limit caffeine – It is advisable to limit the consumption of beverages such as coffee, tea, and energy drinks.
  • Monitor blood pressure regularly – This practice is useful for early detection of any increases in blood pressure.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

Because high blood pressure is called the “silent killer,” it often does not cause obvious symptoms. Most people with high blood pressure do not experience any specific signs or symptoms, which is why it is important to constantly monitor blood pressure to detect it.

However, there are some symptoms that may be associated with hypertension, such as: persistent or severe headache, visual changes (blurred vision, double vision, vision problems), fatigue or weakness, sleep disturbances (such as insomnia or sleep apnea), heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat, blood in the urine, chest pain or tightness, chronic kidney disease.

As mentioned earlier, to prevent such disorders, it is important to constantly monitor blood pressure levels, perhaps with the help of a doctor and using a sphygmomanometer or automatic device. The same doctor, whether or not there is a need for specific treatment, will assess risk factors, request specific laboratory tests, and perform regular follow-ups.

At MiniHospital “Sandro Pertini,” it is possible to monitor one’s health and prevent hypertension, benefiting from the consultation of our specialists after a visit. Contact us for more information.

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